Wood Treatment and Protection

Wood Treatment and Protection – Decor Poducts

For the treatment and protection of wood, different products are used in different sequential steps. First we must take into account if the wood is going to be exposed to the interior or exterior and if the environment also contains some elements considered aggressive.
Wood protectors are divided into two types

  • Decorative products for surface protection: they protect the wood against atmospheric agents such as sun, rain, snow, UV rays and humidity changes.
  • Technical wood protectors: These elements are composed of chemical elements that protect the wood from bio-agents such as fungi, bacteria, and even termites or other insects.

Decorative products for surface protection


Coating material that, when applied to a material, ends up forming a transparent solid film (totally or partially) with insulating, protective and decorative properties. It is used both indoors and outdoors. It can be applied by brush, synthetic roller or spray machine


Coating material with specific pigments normally in liquid form, which when applied on a surface, forms a film with specific insulating, protective and decorative properties. It can also be applied outdoors or indoors. Same form of application as in the case of varnishes.

Wood Stain:

These are products that leave the pore open to the wood. In addition, biocidal elements can be added, solar filters that allow the retardation of wood oxidation. If the Wood Stains are pigmented the oxidation effect is further delayed. They can be used indoors and especially outdoors. In the case of application, the brush is convenient because of its greater capacity to penetrate the product into the Wood. On the application of the Wood Stain or impregnating we will refer later

Raw Materials Used in the Treatment and Protection of Wood

The most used in the manufacture of wood surface protection products are the following:
Resins (binder): its function is to waterproof wood against the action of water or other liquid elements.
Pigments: its function, in addition to its decorative mission, is to reduce the effect of the sun, UV and infrared rays.
Solvents: its function is to transport and dissolve the resin and pigments without altering their chemical composition. Water (water-soluble) or Organic Solvents (organic or synthetic solvent products) are usually used.
Various components: its function is to improve its effectiveness in terms of protection. and added to solvents. The most common are hydrophobic, fungicides, insecticides, diluents, sunscreens, antioxidants or inhibitors

Types of application in surface treatments


The application of the protector on the wood is done by several product hands, by brush, brush (also the roller applies). The necessary time must be left to dry as specified by the manufacturer of each product. The wood must be dry free of internal exudation and the surface clean, especially of dust. The protection resulting from this application is very good indoors and very low outdoors, especially if it is exposed to the sun or other atmospheric agents such as rain.

Powdered in the treatment and protection of wood:

An applicator or electric spray gun is used. This method saves time since its application is faster. in turn, the varnish paint layer is thinner than the previous method and takes less time to dry. Also consult the manufacturer of the products about this method of application. The protection of this application system is similar to the previous one. Also as the previous method the wood must be dry and clean. There is professional spraying in the tunnel, but it is not the subject of this topic, so we will not develop it here.


This application system consists of totally submerging the wood in ambient temperature conditions, for a period of time. Then the wood is removed and dried, especially in airy and dark environments. This method is not recommended in an environment with humidity higher than 70%.

Description and use of application types

Treatment and Protection of Wood by Brushing

The protector that is applied (varnish, paint or Lasur) is organic or solvent based. The product is applied by brush, brush or roller. The mentioned product penetrates the pores of the wood by capillarity. This method consists of a superficial protection against the action of organic or environmental agents.

Considerations to take into account


Wood used indoors must be dry or contain a low percentage of humidity (up to 12%). If it is to be used outdoors it may contain some more moisture and especially if Lasur is applied. (up to 20%). Check where the wood is bought this aspect.


The color and the grain of the wood are intrinsic decorative values ​​that must be taken into account when applying the coatings.


the wood contracts and expands with heat and humidity. It is important to buy wood with a low coefficient of expansion, since these micro movements crack the protective layer. And especially if wood is used outdoors. Wood used indoors suffer very few variations. Check when the purchase is made for this issue and ask if the wood has already been treated with resins to reduce shrinkage.


Woods that are very porous absorb more product than less porous and therefore the application of wood sealants would be necessary.


Wood extracts are highly complex organic substances. They can be resins, oils, waxes or dyes (such as tannin). They can be viscous or liquid. If the wood has these characteristics, it is advisable not to apply any product, as they will prevent drying or crack protection. It would be un dried or not parked wood (green wood).

Preparation of the wood surface : 

With dry, clean wood and without exudates, when the product can be applied. You should never apply the product with exposure to the sun, since it varies dramatically not only the drying times but the mechanics of the formation of the protective film

Spray Wood Protection

The protector is applied on the surface of the wood with a manual or electric spraying machine. When the system is used by spraying, it is more efficient than brushing, since the product is absorbed faster by penetrating the wood more.
Therefore it is advisable if it is going to be used outdoors, since this application system confers some more protection. Apart from all of the above, the application is done much faster and drying is too. The rest of the characteristics are similar to those of the brushstroke in terms of surface and condition is environmental

Immersion Wood Protection

Here the woods are completely immersed in a water soluble or organic solvent product for a period of time. This period varies between 30 seconds and 15 minutes, depending on the type of protector and the size of the surface to be treated.
The protective product is introduced into the wood through the pores inwards. This type of application has the advantage over previous systems, which achieves greater contact between the surfaces of the wood to be protected and the protective product. You can also regulate the amount of product to be absorbed through greater or lesser exposure.
The disadvantage is obvious, and it is a waste of product if it is not used for a large number of pieces to be protected. Drying should be aired, dry and never exposed to sunlight or high relative humidity.

Atmospheric Agents: Sun, rain, Humidity, temperature and UV rays

If the wood is not treated, the water deposited on the surface of the wood is absorbed inside, allowing the proliferation of fungi and bacteria, apart from changing its structure itself. Thus deformations such as swelling, curvatures, and warping (in the form of a helix) occur. When dried in the sun, after absorbing water, cracks and cracks can occur.

Now, as the surface of the wood in question has been treated, we will see how the different agents of deterioration act against the protections applied to the wood. First we will cite all the degrading agents and then the recommendations for each type of protection and for each use.

Ultraviolet radiation

The wood protection layer is affected not only by ultraviolet rays, but also by infrared. Abrupt changes in surface temperature, end by difference between external and internal stresses by producing cracks. UV rays attack the surface being fibrous and cracked. In this situation the humidity can penetrate more deeply accelerating the deterioration of the wood.
The wood attacked by UV rays has a gray surface. This situation is resolved with brushing and bleaching salts. If the sun exposure process combined with rain (which washes the cellulose) does not stop, deterioration is irreversible. The layers of protection in the wood usually change their physical composition and degrade, appearing scales or fissures.

Infrared radiation

It produces the heating of the exhibition area, favoring the evaporation of moisture from the wood and in a superficial way. in this way there are tensions or forces that act between the wet interior and the dry surface, producing internal micro cracks. This is called thermal stress of the material. These cracks then allow the entry of destructive agents. This radiation also affects the protective layers applied, cracking them. Heating of the wood can also lead to resin exudate, depending on the species and damage the protective layer.

Atmospheric or environmental humidity

Wood is a material that absorbs moisture under normal conditions. A protective layer of varnish, paint or lasur, insulates it from this atmospheric agent. If the wood is in internal environments, humidity does not present a major problem. With three hands of protective coating is enough. But on the outside, if the wood has been exposed to sun and rain, the micro-cracks appear through which not only water but also ambient humidity will be absorbed. This is also valid where wood for humid environments with steam such as bathrooms and kitchens. The appearance of micro-fissures in the protective layer allows water to pass inside the wood, a fundamental factor to take into account in the treatment and protection of wood.

Freeze and defrost effect

The moisture contained inside the wood in regions where there are freezing temperatures, freezes. When this happens the ice increases its volume producing cracks inside the wood. In defrosting the wood does not return to its previous state, producing a deformation. and also cracks externally in the protective layers.

Fire or high Temperatures

Destroying element par excellence, exposure to fire, or high temperatures destroys the protective layer even in short periods. This can happen if the wood is near a heat source such as kitchens, grills or by accidental exposure.

Outside a Wood Stain is the most recommended.

Unlike varnish and synthetic paints, it penetrates deeply into the wood and does NOT form a layer. The finish is open pore, which facilitates the exit of natural moisture from the interior of the wood. They are ideal for outdoor wood that are exposed to environmental aggressions, as are all the elements listed above.
Its resins are highly flexible and adapt to the physical variations that the wood of the wood suffers. The lasures have bright, matt or satin finishes.
Outdoors, the use of synthetic varnishes or paints is not advisable because they do not withstand the aggression of environmental agents very well. Thus the aging of the film, cracks or directly the protective film is flaked.

The application of Wood Stain indoors

For the treatment and protection of the wood, if it is new it must be dry to ensure that it does not crack or deform. For the application of lasur the methods already described are used, but we recommend the brush and well-loaded, since the wood penetrates deeply. If inside the wood is not exposed to the sun you can use colorless lasur, with low UV protection.
It should be taken into account that the erosive action of the sand and salt particles carried by the wind in the coastal areas wear and erode the surfaces more quickly, so the maintenance periods should be shorter.

The application of Wood Stain :Outdoors

The same recommendation for brush application as the previous one taking the following precautions.

  • For a good treatment and protection of the wood, sand the wood previously in the direction of the grain with fine grade sandpaper.
  • Do not use other accessories to clean such as scourers, bleach, lavandines etc.
  • If fungicides are applied, let dry at least 24 hours before applying the lasur.
  • When wood funds are applied, do so after the fungicide application.
  • Do not apply Lasur directly in sunlight. This dramatically modifies the natural absorption and drying times.
  • If the wood is wet, let it dry for at least 24 to 48 hours, in a dry place and repaired from atmospheric elements
  • Do not apply outdoors if the temperature is near the freezing point
  • Apply in rain or in environments with 70% relative humidity is totally inadvisable
  • Use brushes that do not lose the bristles. We recommend flat brushes and not brushes.Lasures 

Wood Stain are to water or solvent. A layer of one can be applied to the water on the other solvent, as long as the layer on which it is to be applied is completely dry. For the treatment and protection of wood with lasures, it should be borne in mind that water or solvent are application vehicles and that these evaporate completely and leave no residue. The woos stain are ideal for application on wooden pallets outdoors.

Maintenance of wood protections

The durability over time of a lasur, varnish or paint are directly related to the exposure time to the degrading elements: Humidity, water, steam, UV rays, infrared, sudden temperature changes, Snow or freezing temperatures.
Elements that have a horizontal position, where it can be deposited without draining rainwater or other moisture, require more maintenance.
It is usually recommended once a year to sand clean the protective layer, apply a smooth sanding and at least one coat of product. In the case of varnishes and paints, when they accumulate several layers, it is already advisable to completely remove all the protective layers. Then the application on clean wood is suitable again as if it were new. In the case of lasur just apply one more product hand. To avoid darkening of the protective layer, a transparent lasur should be applied.

Lovedecorate.com 2019

Ideas and Decoration with Pallets

Decoration with Pallets

Good ideas for decorating with pallets: Recycling and reusing pallets is no longer just a way of preserving the environment. It is also a way to decorate or transform environments of a house or an office. It is both a cheap, simple and fast method to redesign environments.

Livings – Living Rooms

Pallets in Gross to the natural Varnished. Polished and varnished finished backing

The pallets can be painted, lacquered, varnished or also impregnated. Later we will tell you how to do it. The best way to have Original Ideas of Decoration with Pallets is to see images of environments already decorated and finished. Here we have some ideas and also images Bedrooms

Read moreIdeas and Decoration with Pallets

Four simple steps of how to make candles at home

How to make candles at home  

History of candles

Candles were invented in ancient Egypt. That is roughly between the 13th and 14th centuries BC. The composition of the materials were very different from the current ones. They were branches wrapped in animal fat. Goats, oxen or lambs. This type of candle is consumed with an emission of smoke abundant in the environment. It also has a bad smell.

How to make candles at home
How to make candles at home

Candles in the Middle Ages

The ancient Egyptians used oil lamps for interior lighting. These lamps were used until the middle agesCandles with the shape that we know today developed in the middle ages. The composition materials were usually sebum with a beeswax mixture. The advantage of this composition was a longer duration and less smoke when burned, therefore also the smell was softer.

Whales and Non-Aromatic Candles

The eighteenth century began to use the spermaceti. This product illuminates better and does not produce unpleasant odor. Spermaceti is a wax or white oil, found in the skull of whales. But in the mid-nineteenth century petroleum appeared. The Paraffin.

And the paraffin is …

Identified for the first time by Carl Reichenbach in 1830, solid substance, white or translucent. Normally odorless and in the presence of heat it becomes liquid. (approximately between 50° and 65° Celsius). Paraffin is obtained from the distillation of petroleumWith the arrival of electric lighting, the candles became objects of emergency lighting to be …

Paraffin How to make candles at home

A Choice of Decoration

The candles have become objects of decoration and design. Since paraffin is soluble, they are mixed with dyes, oils, perfumes and even flavorings. They make more pleasant bedrooms, living rooms, kitchens and even bathrooms. Warm, aromatized and purified environments. Environments to meditate or relax.

See different ways of decorating candles with glasses

 How to make candles at home
How to make candles at home

And how do I make candles in my house?

It’s very simple. The materials are bought in many stores. The process to manufacture them is simple.

Here we go:

1-Materials to Make Colored and Aromatic Candles at Home

  • Wax or refined paraffin. The amount depends on the size and quantity of candles. To start a kilo will be enough
  • Dyes. The tonality according to the taste, the environment, the occasion or the type of gift. Check here the meaning of the colors of the candles.

  • Molds: They are bought in stores or jars and containers of various sizes are used.
  • Size: The thin candles are consumed faster
    . If it is of wide diameter, the melted paraffin will not leave the sides and will remain in the center. In this way combustion is slower and lasts longer.
  • Essences, perfumes or aromas. natural or artificial. At the discretion of each person. There are citrus, floral aromas, woods, etc.

  • Decorative candles that will never light; Add leaves, seeds or whatever you want when the paraffin is liquid .

    And to release fumes and perfumes that we do not want

  • Pan, pot or casserole to melt the paraffin and the ingredients (ideally two).
  • Candlewick. It is the wick or thread that goes from the bottom to the surface and protrudes.
  • Spatulas
  • You can buy all these materials at amazon.com
    How to do it


2-How to Heat and Melt the Paraffin

  • Do not do this process in a pan directly. The direct heat is too much for the paraffin and this can change chemical composition and evaporate.
  • It is convenient to do it in a water bath. Place a small saucepan inside another larger one (it is with water). The boiling temperature of the water is 100° Celcius  and it is constant and sufficient to melt the paraffin and work comfortably.

  • Pour the paraffin into the small saucepan.
  • Stir the paraffin with a spatula until it is all liquid.
  • Add the dyes to the wax of the future candle (if it is the case) and stir.

  • Add essences or perfumes (if you wish) and stir with the spatula. The amount of essence is proportional to what is emitted to the environment.
  • Buy dyes at Amazon.com

3-Prepare and Fill the Molds

  • Place the wick in the candle mold. Place the wick holder on the bottom of the mold. Place it with a glue.

Molds at Amazon.com - how to make candles at home
Molds at Amazon.com – how to make candles at home

  • Pass a stick by the edge of the mold or bottle and tie it to the wick. This remains in vertical form. 

  • It is advisable to use flexible molds. To use rigid molds, it is necessary to grease the walls of the mold, because the demoulding will be easier.
  • Pour the prepared melted wax into the molds or jars

  • Most importantly: Do not fill the mold, leave 10% of the mold free. That distance must protrude the wick.
  • How to make candles at home:  Molds at Amazon.com


  • Allow the wax to cool. We recommend that the cooling be in a natural way. It may take up to 12 hours. Do not accelerate the cooling with ice water. The candles cracks by thermal differences in the material. Therefore, NEVER insert the hot mold into the refrigerator.
  • First of all unmold With small strokes or touches if it is rigid, or turning the molds if it is flexible.


  1. Paraffin is a hydrocarbon. Consequently these utensils will not be used in other work. We are referring to the pans and spatulas specifically.
  2. Do the work of making scented candles in a large place, because spills are easy to clean
  3. Hot paraffin, if it comes in contact with the skin, will cause burns. Take this into account

Enjoy How to make candles at home, flavored and decorated. And made by us and at home

25 Decoration Options With Candles In Cups

Decoration Options With Candles In Cups

Here we will show you designs and modes of decoration with candles in glasses, floating or fixed. Basically it’s about using those cups or containers that you might not use for an original presentation.

13 Decoration Options With Candles In Cups inverted

Floating candles in common glasses with glass beads. Copper candle with multicolored glass beads

12 Decoration Options With Candles In Cups inverted

Floating candles in common glasses with glass beads. Copon candle with multicolored glass beads

Various floral arrangements with floating candles. Container with pearl-like beads

Decoration Options With Candles In Cups inverted

Quick and Original Decoration with Candles in containers with floral arrangements

Quick and Original Decoration with Candles in Copons and Glass Beads

Candles in inverted cups

We are going to present some designs with inverted cups. Apart from being original, in case of reusing the glasses, cleaning will be much easier

8 Decoration Options With Candles In Cups inverted

Floating candles in water with colored glass beads.

Inverted cups with live vegetable arrangement

Quick and Original Decoration with Candles in Copons and Glass Beads

30 Decoration Options With Candles In Cups inverted

Quick and Original Decoration with Candles in inverted cups and glass beads

  • How to make Aromatic and Colored candles at home in a simple way
  • Decoration with candles in glasses

Quick and Original Decoration with Candles in inverted cups and glass beads

25 Decoration Options With Candles In Cups inverted

Candles in inverted cups with yellow roses. Floating candles in bowl with floral arrangement. Fixed yellow candle in contrast with inverted multicolored glasses Rapida and Original Candle Decoration in inverted cups

25 Decoration Options With Candles In Cups inverted

Decoration with candles in glasses and glasses with floral arrangements and ferns. we note the contrast of intense colors between the candles and the arrangements.

Original Decoration Options With Candles In Cups.  

25 Decoration Options With Candles In Cups inverted

Decoration with Candles in Cups and inverted glasses

Decoration Options With Candles In Cups inverted

 3 Decoration with Candles in inverted cups

Decoration Options With Candles In Cups

Decoration with different elements in contrast. Decoration with Candles in inverted cups

Finally the most common and the easiest to do. 

Decoration Options With Candles In Cups

You may also be interested in seeing Vintage Posters

History of the Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

Decoration and Architects of Chenonceau Castle

You can know the history of a building through the works of its builders. This is the History of the architects of the Castle of Chenonceau.The castle we know today was built on the demolition of an old fortress and a fortified mill owned by the Marques family.

From that time only the tribute tower that was modified in the style of the time and its new owners survives. Built by Thomas Bohier, Intendant General of Finance of King Francisco I of France between 1513 and 1521.

The main part is rectangular (50 x 55 meters) where the hallways and rooms are. In charge of overseeing the construction was his wife Katherine Briçonnet, since her husband was busy with the matter in court.

Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau
Panoramic View -Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

Gardens and architects of the castle of chenonceau

At the death of Mr. Thomas Bohier the crown ordered an audit of the kingdom’s finances. The results were charges against Thomas Bohier for misappropriating funds against the crown, for which his assets were expropriated.

The crown recovered the royal dominion over the castle and at the same time King Francisco I gave it to his favorite Diana de Poitiers, Duchess of Valentinois.

As of that moment the destiny of the Chenonceau castle was marked by the presence of six more women. Here we detail them and the brands that they printed until today, the most visited castle in France.

Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

Diana de Poitiers 1499 – 1566

King Henry II gave the Chateau de Chenonceau to his favorite, Diana de Poitiers in 1547. Diana commissioned Pacello da Mercoliano to design and build the gardens, which were the most beautiful of that time. The architect Philibert de l’Orme was entrusted with the task of building a bridge over the cher river in order to extend the gardens to the other shore. Diana de Poitiers managed to get Francisco I of France to settle in the place next to the whole court.

Catherine de Médicis 1519 – 1589

Henry II, King of France, died of injuries caused accidentally while participating in a tournament in 1559. Catherine de Médicis, wife of the deceased monarch, became the regent of the Kingdom of France, since her children were younger than age.

Catherine forced Diana de Poitiers to cede the property of the castle to the crown in exchange for another nearby Chateau: Chaumont-sur-Loire. It expanded the existing gardens and improved the building’s body with reforms.

It was at that time (1576-1577) that the double-story gallery where the parties were organized was built by one of the architects of the Castle of Chenonceau: Jean Bullant. The gallery was built on the bridge and is the aspect that can be seen today. From the green cabinet being regent, Catherine de ‘Medici was in charge of the affairs of the Kingdom of France.

It should be noted that the original plans and designs of the gallery belonged to the architect Philibert de l’Orme, who had built the bridge. The gallery is 60 meters long and 6 meters wide. It has 18 Windows, floor of mosaics of tuff and slate, shaped like a chessboard. It was inaugurated in 1577 during the celebrations organized by Catherine de Médicis in honor of her son King Henry III of France.

Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau
Bridge – Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

Luisa de Lorraine 1553 – 1601

Henry III King of France and son of Catherine de Médicis, died in 1589. His wife Luisa de Lorraine retired to the castle of Chenonceau wearing the usual white mourning (label of the time). He lived until his death in the castle almost without leaving it. After Luisa de Lorena there was no more presence of the Crown of France in Chenonceau. It was already in private hands. By inheritance of Luisa de Lorraine the castle was inherited by César de Vendôme and his wife, Francesca de Lorraine, Duchess of Vendôme. For the next 100 years, it was inherited through the Valois family.

Louise Dupin 1706 – 1799

In 1720 it was bought by the Duke of Bourbon who sold them works of art and statues of Chenonceau. Some of them went to the Palace of Versailles. In the summer of 1733, Claude Dupin bought the castle of Chenonceau from the Duke of Bourbon. His wife, Louise Dupin in organized meetings and gatherings with writers, poets and scientists. Voltaire and Rosseau were regular. During the French Revolution and under its administration, Chenonceau was preserved almost intact.

Marguerite Pelouze 1836 – 1902

Marguerite Pelouze bought the Château de Chenonceau in 1867, which at that time had 136 hectares of land. I buy it at 850,000 francs. Then he decided to restore the castle as in the time of Diana de Poitiers. The works were executed from 1867 to 1878 by the architect Félix Roguet. During this restoration almost all the changes made by Catherine de Médicis are eliminated.

In 1879, Claude Debussy joined the chenonceau orchestra as a pianist, with the purpose of completing the castle’s small chamber orchestra. Debussy spends almost all that summer in Chenonceau. One thinks that the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Gustave Deloye, was the author of the caryatids (Column in the form of feminine sculpture) of the castle.

In 1888, Marguerite Pelouze, already separated from her husband, filed for bankruptcy and sold the Chenonceau castle. Acquired by Crédit Foncier, and sold in 1891 to Mr. José Émilio Terry, deputy of Cuba in the Spanish Cortes. His family will retain the property of castilool until 1913

Simonne Menier 1881 – 1972

The Terry family in 1913 sells Chenonceau to industrial Henri Menier (1853-1913). The Menier family is the owner of the castle today. During the First World War, a hospital for the war-wounded was set up in Chenonceau, funded by Mr. Gaston Menier (1880-1933). Simone Menier, wife of Georges, as head nurse, administered the hospital that installed 120 beds in two of the Galeries of the castle.

In a room in the castle of Chenonceau X-ray machines were adapted an X-ray machine. Also 2,254 soldiers were treated at that hospital during WWI. After the war, the equipment was dismantled and stored for years. Decades later in an auxiliary room of the castle, the hospital was assembled again and turned into a museum

Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau
Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

Military Hospital of the Chenonceau Castle

Second World War

The main gallery, the covered bridge that crosses the river Cher, was used during the Second World War by the French resistance. The castle was used for people to escape to Free France, taking advantage of the fact that it was on the border. It turns out that south entrance faced France Vichy “free”. and the rest of the castle was in the area occupied by Nazi Germany.

The castle during World War II suffered some damages by bombing of both sides, damaging in a total way the windows and vitreaux. These stained glass windows were repaired after the fight was over.

There were several illustrious visitors after its opening to the public in 1952. Among them we can mention the Queen of England Elizabeth II, her son Carlos and Diana Diana, Princess of Wales. Also the president of the United States Harry Truman visited Chemonceau.

In the Castle shop you can buy souvenirs of the visit, books and vintage posters

Summing up The architects of the Castle of Chenonceau, were:

Felix Roguet
Philibert de l’Orme
Jean Bullant
Pacello da Mercoliano

See Gallery Pics of Castle of Chenonceau in Pinterest

This is a collaboration of the blog quierodecorarte.com, of a note translated from Spanish. The original note can be seen here in Spanish. Part of the images are property of quierodecorarte.com.