The Gardens of the Chateau of Villandry.
Gardens of the Castle of Villandry is Italian Renaissance style. and it was imposed in France, as in the other European countries in the 16th century, contributing to this the admiration that the French monarchs felt for Italian art. Those hired to hire Italian artists and they acquired works to decorate their palaces and gardens.
This admiration began already in the 15th century with the kings Carlos VIII and Luis XII (1498-1515), continuing with Francisco I (1515-1547), who knew Italy directly, Francisco I after the defeat of the troops of Carlos V formed in Paris and in Fontainebleau an artistic center run by Italian artists. Luefo continues with Henry IV (1589-1610), married to the Florentine Maria de Medici.
The French Renaissance gardens either disappeared or underwent major transformations in the 17th and 18th centuries, so no garden from that time is preserved today. In the Loire Valley there is a garden in the Château de Villandry which, although it was completely destroyed in the 19th century, was rebuilt between 1906 and 1924. This reconstruction was carried out following the preserved engravings of Du Cerceau and by its new owner, the Spanish Joaquin Carvallo. In this way, and next to the medieval chateau and the Renaissance palace, four gardens were rebuilt on the four existing terraces.
First Terrace of Villandry Castle
At the top is the Water Garden, formed by a large pond surrounded by orthogonally structured flowerbeds. This large pond works as a container and distributor of water for the rest of the garden. A high wall, which forms a viewpoint walk, shaded by rows of trees, separates this garden from the other three arranged on lower terraces. Its forehead is adorned with niches.
Second Terrace of Villandry
At the top is the so-called Garden of Intelligence. This garden has a rectangular ground plan and is made up of squares of cut-out low hedges with three low fountains in the center, mauve flowers and vertical hedges with conical and cylindrical shapes at the corners of the squares.
Third Terrace in Gardens of the Castle of Villandry
To the left, next to the castle, is the Garden of Love, which is made up of squares of low hedges trimmed with geometric shapes in the form of triangles in the center of which there are red, white and purple flowers. There are also vertical hedges.
Fourth Terrace of the Chateau de Villandry
At the lowest and most extensive level is the Garden Orchard or Garden of the stomach. It occupies a large rectangular area, where, following a series of perpendicular and axial axes. In this garden all kinds of vegetables have been planted, whose aesthetics is based on the contrast between regularity and variety. The regularity of the axes and the variety of geometric compositions, plants and geometry.
To see the history of Villandry Castle I could do it here
Gromort, Georges, L art des jardins, Ch. Massin, Paris. Kluckert, Ehrenfried
Le jardin a la française. De la Renaissance à nos jours, Dossier de l art, (2002), Dijon.